A person wearing glasses

Description automatically generated with low confidenceBrian Castellani, PhD, FAcSS

Professor, Department of Sociology

 

Director, Durham Research Methods Centre

Co-Director, Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing

Director, InSPIRE Consortium for Air Pollution and Brain Health

Durham University, UK

Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry
Northeastern Ohio Medical University, USA
Co-Editor, Routledge
Complexity in Social Science
Phone: +44 191 33 42232

E-mail: brian.c.castellani@durham.ac.uk

Website: http://www.art-sciencefactory.com/briancastellani.html

Academic Blog: http://sacswebsite.blogspot.com/

 

 

 

 

PUBLICATIONS

Monographs

Year

Monograph

2021

Castellani, B and R. Rajaram Big Data Mining and Complexity. Sage – Volume 11 of the SAGE Quantitative Research Kit.

2018

Castellani, B. The Defiance of Global Commitment: A Complex Social Psychology. Routledge – part of the Complexity in Social Science Series.

2015

Castellani, B. et al. Place and Health as Complex Systems: A Case-Based Study and Empirical Test. Springer Briefs in Public Health.

2009

Castellani, B. and F. Hafferty.  Sociology and Complexity Science: A New Area of Inquiry. Springer.

2000

Castellani, B. Pathological Gambling: The Making of a Medical Problem. New York: State University of New York Press.

 

Peer Reviewed Articles

Year

Article

Impact

2021

Badham, J., Barbrook-Johnson, P., Caiado, C., & Castellani, B. (2021). Justified Stories with Agent-Based Modelling for Local COVID-19 Planning. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 24(1), 1-8.

 2.42

2021

Schimpf, C., Barbrook-Johnson, P., & Castellani, B. (2021). Cased-based modelling and scenario simulation for ex-post evaluation. Evaluation, 27(1), 116-137.

1.26

2021

Barbrook-Johnson, P., Castellani, B., Hills, D., Penn, A., & Gilbert, N. Policy evaluation for a complex world: Practical methods and reflections from the UK Centre for the Evaluation of Complexity across the Nexus. Evaluation, (2021): 4-17.

1.26

2020

Schimpf, C., & Castellani, B. COMPLEX-IT: A Case-Based Modelling and Scenario Simulation Platform for Social Inquiry. Journal of Open Research Software, 8(1), 25. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/jors.298

--

2020

Lieff, S. J., Baker, L., Poost-Foroosh, L., Castellani, B., Hafferty, F. W., & Ng, S. L. Exploring the Networking of Academic Health Science Leaders: How and Why Do They Do It? Academic Medicine.

5.08

2020

Rajaram, R., & Castellani, B. Diversity in complex systems: Measuring parts of the distribution to the whole. Journal of Physics Communication. In press https://doi.org/10.1088/2399-6528/ab8488

3.75

2019

Barbrook-Johnson, P., Schimpf, C., & Castellani, B. Reflections on the Use of Complexity-Appropriate Computational Modeling for Public Policy Evaluation in the UK. Journal on Policy and Complex Systems, 5(1), 55-70.

--

2019

Giabbanelli, P. J., Voinov, A. A., Castellani, B., & Törnberg, P. (2019, April). Ideal, best, and emerging practices in creating artificial societies. In 2019 Spring Simulation Conference (SpringSim) (pp. 1-12). IEEE.

4.09

2019

Castellani, B., P. Barbrook-Johnson & C. Schimpf. Case-based methods and agent-based modelling: Bridging the divide to leverage their combined strengths. International Journal of Social Research Methodology

2.14

2018

Castellani, B., F. Griffiths, R. Rajaram, & J. Gunn.  Exploring Comorbid Depression and Physical Health Trajectories: A Case-Based Computational Modeling Approach.  Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 24(6) 1293-1309.

1.48

2018

Kingsbury, D. M., Bhatta, M. P., Castellani, B., Khanal, A., Jefferis, E., & Hallam, J. S. Factors Associated with the Presence of Strong Social Supports in Bhutanese Refugee Women During Pregnancy. Journal of immigrant and minority health, 1-7.

1.28

2018

M Kingsbury, D., P Bhatta, M., Castellani, B., Khanal, A., Jefferis, E., & S Hallam, J. The Personal Social Networks of Resettled Bhutanese Refugees During Pregnancy in the United States: A Social Network Analysis. Journal of community health, 1-9.

1.53

2017

Rajaram, R., B. Castellani and A. Wilson. “Advancing Shannon Entropy for Measuring Diversity in Systems"  Complexity.   

4.62

2016

Castellani, B., and R. Rajaram. “Past the Power Law: Complex Systems and the Limiting Law of Restricted Diversity. Complexity.   

4.62

2016

Buckwalter, G., B. Castellani, B. John, B. McEwen, A. Rizzo, K. O’Donnell and T. Seeman. “Allostatic Load as a Complex Clinical Construct: A Case-Based Computational Approach.” Complexity.  

4.62

2016

Rajaram, R., and B. Castellani. “An Entropy Based Measure for Comparing Distributions of Complexity.Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Application.  

1.94

2015

Castellani, B., R. Rajaram, J. Gunn, and F Griffiths. Cases, Clusters, Densities: Modeling the Nonlinear Dynamics of Complex Health Trajectories.” Complexity.  

4.62

2014

Rajaram, R, and B. Castellani. The Utility of Non-equilibrium Statistical Mechanics, Specifically Transport Theory, for Modeling Cohort Data.” Complexity.

4.62

2013

Hafferty, F., B. Castellani, P. Hafferty, and P. Wojciech. "Anatomy and histology as socially networked learning environments: Some preliminary findings" Academic Medicine, Sept 88(9): 1315-1323.

5.08

2012

Rajaram, R and B. Castellani. “Modeling Complex Systems Macroscopically: Case/Agent-Based Modeling, Synergetics and the Continuity Equation.”  Complexity, 18(2): 8-17.

4.62

2012

Castellani, B and R. Rajaram. Case-Based Modeling and the SACS Toolkit: A Mathematical Outline.  Computational and Mathematical Organizational Theory, 18(2): 153-174

.92

2010

Hafferty, F. and B. Castellani. “The Increasing Complexities of Professionalism.” Academic Medicine, 85(2): 288-301

5.25

2010

Castellani, B., Hafferty, F. and Ball, M. “E-Social Science from a Systems

Perspective: Applying the SACS Toolkit.” Journal of Sociocybernetics, 7(2): 89-106.

--

2009

Hafferty, F.W. and B. Castellani “A Sociological Framing of Medicine’s Modern-Day Professionalism Movement.” Medical Education, 43(9): 826-828.  

4.0

2003

Castellani, B. J. Castellani, and S. Spray. Grounded Neural Networking: Modeling Complex Quantitative Data.” Symbolic Interaction, 26(4): 577-589

.63

2003

Castellani, B. and J. Castellani. “Data Mining: Qualitative Analysis with Health Informatics Data.”  Qualitative Health Research, 13(7): 1005-1018. 

2.03

2002

Castellani, B., R. Wedgeworth, J. Buckwalter, B. Taber, G. Bartlett, D. and D. Wear. “Do Clinical Faculty Endorse Preparation for Today’s Changing Healthcare System?” Journal of Managed Care Medicine, 6(2):28-31.

--

2002

Wear D. and B. Castellani.  “Motherhood and Medicine: The Experience of Double Consciousness.” Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education, 8(2): 92-96.

--

2000

Castellani, B. and D. Wear. “Physician Views on Practicing Professionalism in the Corporate Age.” Qualitative Health Research, 10(4): 490-506.

2.03

2000

Wear, D. and B. Castellani. Development of Professionalism: Curriculum Matters.” Academic Medicine 75(6): 602-611.

5.25

2000

Wear, D. and B. Castellani. (Re) considering Context in Patient-Doctor Relationships. Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education 7(1): 13.

 

1999

Wear, D. and B. Castellani. “Conflicting Plots and Narrative Dysfunction in Health Care.” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 42(4): 544-558.

1.34

1999

Castellani, B. “Michel Foucault and Symbolic Interactionism: The Making of a New Theory of Interaction.” Studies in Symbolic Interaction, 22:108-137.

.13

1997

Castellani, B., R. Wedgeworth, E. Wootton, and L. Rugle. “A Bi-Directional Theory of Addiction: Examining Coping and the Factors Related to Substance Relapse.” Addictive Behaviors, 22(1): 139-144.

 

2.76

1996

Castellani, B., E. Wootton, L. Rugle, R. Wedgeworth, K. Prabucki, and R. Olson. “Homelessness, Negative Affect, and Coping Amongst Veterans with Gambling Problems who Misused Substances.”  Psychiatric Services, 47(3):298-299.

 

2.81

1995

Castellani, B., and L. Rugle. “A Comparison of Pathological Gamblers to Alcoholics and Cocaine Misusers on Impulsivity, Sensation Seeking, and Craving.” Substance Use and Misuse, 30(3), 275-289.

 

1.23

 

Book Chapters

Year

Chapter Name

2020

Castellani. B. The Complex Global Crisis of Population and Public Health.  In Apostolopoulos, Hassmiller Lich, and Lemke’s Complex Systems and Population Health: A Primer. Oxford University Press.

2018

Dister, C., R. Rajaram and B. Castellani. “Modeling Social Complexity in Infrastructures: A Case-based Approach to Improving Reliability and Resiliency.” In E. Mitleton-Kelly, A. Paraskevas, and C. Day’s (Eds) Handbook of Research Methods in Complexity Science: Theory & Application. Edward Elgar Publishing

2014

Castellani, B. Map of Complexity Science. In “9th Iteration (2013): Science Maps Showing Trends and Dynamics,” Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Todd N. Theriault.

2013

Castellani, B., C. Schimpf and F. Hafferty. “Medical Sociology and Case-Based

Complexity Science: A User’s Guide.”  In Martin and Sturmburg (Eds) Handbook

Of Systems and Complexity in Health. Springer. pp. 521-535.

2012

Hafferty, F. and B. Castellani. “Theories of Social Relations.” In Olle Sahler and

John Carr’s (Editors.) The Behavioral Sciences and Health Care, 3rd Edition,

Cambridge MA: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers. 

2010

Hafferty, F.W. and Castellani, B.  The Two Cultures of Professionalism: Sociology

and  Medicine. In The Handbook of Health, Illness and Healing: Blueprint for the

21stCentury, Bernice Pescosolido, Jack Martin, Jane McLeod, and Anne Rogers

(ed.). New York: Springer.

2009

Hafferty, F.W. and Castellani, B. “The Hidden Curriculum: A Theory of Medical

Education” In Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education, Caragh Brosnan

and Brian S. Turner (eds.). London: Routledge.

2006

Castellani, B. and F. Hafferty. The Complexities of Professionalism: A Preliminary Investigation.  In Delese Wear and Julie Aultman’s (Editors)) Professionalism in Medicine: Critical Perspectives.  Kluwer Academic Publishers.

2006

Hafferty, F and B. Castellani. “Medical Sociology.”  In Clifton Bryant and Dennis

Peck’s (Editors) Handbook of 21st Century Sociology. California: Sage.

2004

Castellani, J. and B. Castellani. “Data Mining Process and Analysis Strategies for

Special Education Technology Decision-Making.”  In D. Edyburn, K. Higgins, &

R. Boone (Editors), Handbook of Special Education Technology. Milwaukee, WI:

Knowledge by Design, Inc.

 

Invited Commentaries

Year

Article or Book Chapter

2020

Caiado, C., Castellani, B., Heckels, N. Applying research to the COVID response: how Durham University modelling is helping local planning. Universities Policy Engagement Network.

2020

Castellani, B and Caiado, C. Coronavirus: why we need local models to successfully exit lockdown. The Conversation. May 18, 2020 10.18am BST.

2014

Castellani. B. “Complexity and the Failure of Quantitative Social Science. Discover Society.

2014

Castellani, B. “Fifteen Years a Complexity Scientist.” Theory, Culture & Society.

2010

Castellani, B.  “Complexity Art: An Introduction to the work of Damon Soule.”  In

Mars-1, Edonna, Vernon, Matsuyama, Soule, Choong Lee and Hardgrave’s Further.

 New York.   

2001

Castellani, B. “Is Pathological Gambling Really a Problem?–You Bet!” Psychiatric Times, 28(20):64-66.

1995

Rugle, L., and B. Castellani. “Understanding and Treating Pathological Gambling.” Treatment Today, 7(3), 7-9.  

 

Book Reviews

Year

Article

2013

Castellani, B. The Transformation of Contemporary Healthcare: The Market, the Laboratory, and the Forum by Tiago Moreira.” April 2013, Sociology of Health and Illness.

2012

Castellani, B. “Social Understanding: On Hermeneutics, Geometrical Models and Artificial Intelligence (Theory and Decision Library A:).”  Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation

2010

Castellani, B. “A Review of Mind and Society: Special Issue on Social Simulation, Volume 8, Number 2, 2009.” Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation.

1996

Castellani, B. Adolescent Gambling, Is It a Problem? A Review of a Recent Book by Griffiths.  Addiction, 91(10): 1556-1557.

 

Educational Websites, Software Apps and Blogs

Name

Hits

Time period

Sociology and Complexity Science Blog (Blog)

 287,000

2010 to 2021 February

Map of the Complexity Sciences (Website)

 260,000

2009 to 2019

Social Complexity (Wikipedia Entry)

   72,000

2015 to 2019

COMPLEX-IT, a freeware R-Studio App (Website)

     1,500

2017 to 2021 February

Complexity in Health and Infrastructure Group (Website)

     3,579

2019 to 2021 February

 

RECENT GRANT ACTIVITY

Awarded Grants

Year

Grant

Award

2020

Castellani PI; Caido CO-I. Agent-based modelling of COVID-19 in support of NHS Trusts and Councils in the North East of England, ESRC, £16,133

£16,133

 

2020

Caiado PI; Castellani CO-I. Grant to support data design and visualisation and open-access publication costs for the Durham COVID-19 Community Health and Social Care Modelling Team, IBM,

£15,000.

2020

Caiado PI; Castellani CO-I. Early Warning Scores: Modelling Care in Response to the Covid 19 Pandemic, MRC

£34,719

2020

PI: UKPRP proposal: MR/T045221/1 - InSPIRE: Innovating UK clean air policies to prevent cognitive disorders across the lifespan, particularly for vulnerable urban populations CONSORTIUM BUILDING PHASE

£50,000

2020

PI: Exploring the Complex Policy Landscape Around Air Pollution and Public Health: A 2-Day Workshop 2019-20 QR Strategic Priorities Fund, Durham University

£15,000

2020

PI Durham University Visiting Scholar grant through International Office

£2,000

2019

Co-I: Component-Specific Air pollutant Drivers of Disease Risk in Early to Midlife: a pathway approach. (DREaM) PI: Ian Mudway (KIng's College London). Project Start Date: 01/03/2019 Project End Date: 01/03/2021.

£1.3 mil

2019

Co-I. CECAN - Centre for the Evaluation of Complexity Across the Nexus. PI: Prof. Nigel Gilbert. ESRC. Start Date: 03/2019. Project End Date: 03/2021.

£3.8 mil

2018

Durham COMPLEX-IT: a web-based computational modelling and visualisation platform and learning environment for evaluating public policy and services. ESRC Impact Acceleration Fund, Durham University

£9,400

2018

The Ed and Carol Murray Social Justice Seminar: Understanding Regional Complexity (Workshop grant)

$9,200

2017

CECAN Fellowship: The COMPLEX-IT App: linking agent-based and case-based modeling for ex-post evaluations and counterfactual analysis. (Fellowship grant)

£10,000

2017

COMPLEX-IT and the SACS TOOLKIT: A Case-Based Computational Modeling Platform for Data Mining Complex Issues in Policy and Evaluation  (Travel grant)

£1,000

2016

Systems Science Scholar Award, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Academy Health (Travel grant)

$1,400

2016

7th ESRC Research Methods Festival, University of Bath (Travel grant)

 £1,400

2014

(Co-PI) Exploring the use social network analysis to understand faculty development impacts. AMEE Research Grant, 2014-2015, (PI) Lieff S, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto Medical School (Research grant)

$15,295

2013

(Co-PI) Complexity and Method in the Social Sciences: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Research Seminars Competition 2012-2013. Economic and Social Research Council, (PI) Emma Uprichard, Centre for Interdisciplinary

Methodologies, Warwick University. (Seminar grant)

£29,603

2013

(Co-PI) Controlling Community Health across Time: Cases, Regions and Densities versus Nodes, Sub-graphs and Networks) Strategic Award, the Warwick Research Development Fund, Warwick University, (PI) Emma Uprichard, Centre for Interdisciplinary Methodologies, Warwick University. (Research grant)

£9,709

2013

(Co-PI) Complexity and Case Based Methods Research Development Award, Warwick Research Development Fund, Warwick University, (PI) Emma Uprichard, Centre for Interdisciplinary Methodologies, Warwick University. (Research grant)

£2,647

2010

(PI) Field Experience to Establish a Center for Complexity in Health. Professional Development Award, Regional Campuses, Kent State University. (Center grant)

$10,000

 

Advisory Board/Consultant

Year

Grant

Award

2019

(Advisory Board) Systems Science in Public Health and Health Economics Research SIPHER Consortium, PI-s Petra Meier and Robin Purshouse. University of Sheffield.

£4.9 mil

2011-2013

(Consultant) YEAR 2 of Stress Resilience in Virtual Environments: The STRIVE Project.  Principal Investigator: J. Galen Buckwalter. The Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC), U.S. Army Medical Research and Material Command (USAMRMC).

$1.25 mil

2012

(Consultant) Office of Naval Research Stress Sensing Project. Principal Investigator: J. Galen Buckwalter.  Office of Naval Research.

$850,000

 

Reviewer

Year

Grant

2012 to present

Horizon 2020: The EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation

2014

National Science Foundation, Cultural Anthropology  

2014

Alberta Gambling Research Institute

2014

Università degli Studi di Macerata, International Research Office, Italy

2014

ESRC Future Research Leaders (Early Scholars Award), UK.

2013

Partnership University Fund,” through the Office for Science & Technology (OST) of the Embassy of France in the United States of America

 

PRESENTATIONS

Recent Invited Addresses

Year

Presentation

2021

Castellani, B. Keynote – Big Data Mining and Complexity: Addressing the digital challenges of human movement, physical activities, and sport. 19th congress of the association of researchers in physical and sports activities ACAPS, Montpellier France. CLICK HERE to see video of my presentation. October 2021.

2021

Castellani, B. Workshop – The Complexities of Professionalism: From Sport to Healthcare – A Workshop. Faculty of Sport and Physical Education Sciences, University of Montpellier. October 2021.

2021

Castellani, B., and Fowler, T. ‘Western Civilisation and Its Global Discontents in Pandemic.’ Disease, Community and Communication from Antiquity to Today Conference, 19th June 2021, Durham University.

2021

Castellani, B. ‘On Complexity in the Collective Human Consciousness.’ The Building as Being Symposium part 2: The Mind. Waag, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

2021

Castellani, B. ‘Psychology and Complexity.’ ISCIA Seminar Series: Grappling with Complexity, 2021, Nelson Mandela University, South Africa. 21st May 2021.

2021

Castellani, B. ‘Exploring trajectories of comorbid depression and physical health’ -- Centre for Urban Mental Health and IAS Lecture University of Amsterdam University of Amsterdam, 26th May 2021.

2020

Castellani, B., and Gerrits, L. Complexity's Futurescapes, a fellowship lecture for the Institute of Advanced Study, University of Amsterdam. 22 September 2020.

2020

Castellani, B., and Gerrits, L. Complexity's Futurescapes, a fellowship lecture for the Institute of Advanced Study, University of Amsterdam. 22 September 2020.

2020

Castellani, B., Schimpf, C., Barbrook-Johnson, P. COMPLEX-IT: User-friendly computational modelling software for exploring complex policy data. 18 June 2020. CECAN Webinar

2019

Is Public Health ready for complexity? FUSE workshop on complexity in public health.

2018

You can improve social science by modelling your topics as complex. Presentation to the Q-Step Centre, Cardiff University.

 2017

Presentation at CECAN (Centre for the Evaluation of Complexity Across the Nexus) July 7th, University of Surry.  Title: COMPLEX-IT and the SACS TOOLKIT: A Case-Based Computational Modeling Platform for Data Mining Complex Issues in Policy and Evaluation

2017

 

Presentation at CECAN (Centre for the Evaluation of Complexity Across the Nexus) July 7th, London.  Title: Addressing Complexity in Nexus Issues: A Case-Based Approach to Evaluation Research

2016

Presentation at the Academy Health Conference, Boston MA, June. Title: You Can Improve Health by Modeling It As Complex.

2014

Keynote Speech “Modeling Complexity: A Case-Based Density Approach.” Simplifying Assumptions in Models of Complex Systems, University of Birmingham, 7 May 2014.

2014

Keynote Speech 10th Annual Alberta Gambling Research Institute's Conference. Banff, Alberta, April 4 and 5, 2014.

2013

Castellani, B and R. Rajaram 2013.  “Modeling Big Data Longitudinally: The Importance of Cases, Densities, Trajectories, and Complexity.”  Invited presentation at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Methodologies, Warwick University. November 2013

2013

Castellani, B and R. Rajaram 2013. “Managing the Dynamical Complexities of Community, Place and Health: Control Theory, Network Science, Case-Based Modelling and Complexity Theory.” Centre for Interdisciplinary Methodologies, Warwick University.  August 2013.

2012

Master Class on Complexity run with David Byrne, School of Applied Social Sciences Seminar Series 2012-2013, Durham University.

2011

Invited to be the guest speaker and complexity methods expert for the National Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Foundation’s Roundtable on Professionalism in Practice, USA.

2011

Invited in summer 2011 to co-chair a pre-conference session in Vienna on complexity science and medical education at the 2011 Association for Medical Education in Europe Conference.

2011

Invited, spring 2011, to present on the SACS Toolkit at the Eighth International Conference on Complex Systems, hosted by the New England Complex Systems Institute (NESI), Boston, MA. 

2001

Castellani, B. 2001 Development of Professionalism: Curriculum Matters.  Joint Meeting

of the Association for Surgical Education and the Association of Program Directors in Surgery.  Nashville, Kentucky, USA (Spring 2001).